HWs have been due on Fridays, but 4a and b are extended to the following Mondays. That way you have a few more days to work on them. Question: Is this a good idea? I need to know for future HWs.
Question #3 (see HW 4b) now has specific length requirements, which it did not on earlier HWs. Check it out.
Worksheet an Law and Ethics
Please use the web and other resources to answer the questions (indicated by question marks) below. You can write in the spaces provided as well as on the back or on separate paper.
Part 1. A Shocking Crime: See http://abcnews.go.com/US/police-jailed-woman-orchestrate-murder-hire-plot/story?id=22355101
Consider the murder law at issue here. What is it?
How does it impact her?
What is the deontological view of the law? (Skip if we haven’t discussed deontology)
What is the utilitarian view of the law? (Skip if we haven’t discussed utilitarianism)
If you were on the jury, how would you vote?
If you were a good defense lawyer: Would you want deontologists or consequentialists on the jury? (Skip if we haven’t covered the concepts yet)
If you were a good prosecuting attorney: would you want deontologists or consequentialists on the jury? (Skip if we haven’t covered the concepts yet)
Have you ever been on a jury?
Part 2. Some Examples of Laws:
Laws about cars
Laws about homicide
Laws about copyright
Rules about plagiarism
Rules vs. laws:
Law but not rule: 30 mph speed limit
Rule but not law: 40 mph “real” speed limit if 30 mph stated limit and 10 mph assumed leeway
Rule but not law: don’t slouch
Is there a difference between a rule and a law? What do you think it is?
More about laws (from SEP):
“Law is not the only normative domain in our culture;
morality, religion, social conventions, etiquette, and so on,
also guide human conduct in many ways which are similar to law.”
Two major theories about what is a law
Ref: A. Marmor, “The Nature of Law”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP), http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/lawphil-nature/
Laws can be legitimate or not. Why is a law legitimate (or not) in your estimation?
1. “Legal Positivism” theory: Legitimate laws reflect socially defined constraints on behavior
2. “Natural Law” theory: Laws must meet ethical standards
Which do you think is preferable?
St. Augustine wrote: “lex iniusta non est lex” (“law unjust not is law” or using English grammar “unjust law is not law”)
Was he a proponent of legal positivism or natural law?
Divide into discussion groups
I’ll present a few comments on digital privacy
Groups will report on their conclusions
“The Lab” interactive video
Let’s divide into discussion groups
Privacy in a digital world
Crimes increasingly solved using:
. . . . .security cam records
. . . . . . . often multiple cams
. . . . . . . story of a student in my ethics class
. . . . . . . . . . ended up catching his own friend
. . . . . any anecdotes from this group?
Lexis-Nexis is a database
. . . . It tells all the
. . . . . . . .places you have lived
. . . . . . . .people who ever lived at an address
. . . . Think about what that can reveal abou
. . . . . . . .a person
. . . . . . . .their network
. . . . spy on your nanny
. . . . . . …kids, pets, etc.
. . . . Edward Snowden
. . . . . . .what did he reveal about the NSA?
China hacks, downloads Gb if not Tb
. . . . . US gov’t recently indicted
. . . . . . . . . specific mid-level individuals in the Chinese military
. . . . . Everyone is tracking everyone else
. . . . . Google Glass
. . . . . Police shooting in Little Rock
. . . . . . . .key evidence is the police body cam
Ever read Orwell’s book 1984?
. . .Is this generally good or bad? (ethical dimension)
. . .Where will it lead?