Analyzing codes of ethics

A code of ethics is

Rule(s) for ethical conduct

 

Code of ethics

=

Ethical code

 

A very short ethical code:

IMG_20150327_144843896

 

Is this code of ethics

Deontologically based?

Consequentialism based?

Virtue ethics:

Character traits are key

Character traits make you ethical or not

Aristotle, Confucius, Hume…

What character trait might work in this example?

What might be a workable ethical code here

…based on consequentialism?

 

Let’s analyze another example . . .

The Eastern Kentucky University Code of Ethics for Computing and Communications

 

Here’s an important case . . .

The ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct

     See acm.org

 

 

 

Rhetorical Devices

Ad hominem arguments

Latin for “to the man”…

…instead of arguing the question,

you deflect attention to the opponent

Example:

you argue that 1+1=2

the other person responds “It’s 3, and anyway you flunked arithmetic in 3rd grade”

Is that argument strategy always illogical?

Always logical?

Sometimes logical?

Sometimes illogical?

Is that illegal?

Unethical?

Sleazy?

Could something be ethical but sleazy….

…or unethical but not sleazy?

Red herring arguments

Term supposedly coined by William Cobbett in 1807…

…to describe when he stopped dogs from chasing a rabbit…

…with a kippered herring

Lots of kinds of red herring arguments

Example:

two wrongs make a right arguments

See list at:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_fallacies#Red_herring_fallacies

Slippery slope arguments

Claim that one step leads to next steps ending in something bad

Can you think of any examples?

Can it be valid?

Can it be misused?

Logical fallacies arguments

General category of many illogical arguments

One is…

…correlation = cause and effect arguments

Roosters crow and the sun rises

Therefore sunrise makes roosters crow

or

Therefore crowing causes sunrise

Non sequitur arguments

“not in sequence”

The conclusion is claimed to, but does not, follow the premise

Example:

“We realize that it would be in the best interest of the community and our children to address the issue expeditiously. In order to make this happen, I respectfully request an eight-month payment delay calling for payment of the $10 million obligation on August 31, 2015.”
(Savannah City Manager Stephanie Cutter in a letter to the city’s superintendent of schools; reported in the Savannah Morning News, April 3, 2014) – quoted in http://grammar.about.com/od/mo/g/nonseqterm.htm

Can you think of, find, or invent an example?

These happen alot in daily life and political speech

Post hoc arguments

Find out what it is

Give an example

Ad hoc arguments

Find out what it is

Give an example

Plagiarism and copyright

Some notorious cases of plagiarism:

Jonah Lehrer (http://www.jonahlehrer.com/)

Kaavya Viswanathan

Stephen Glass (I liked the movie!)

Fareed Zakaria (http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2015/1/plagiarism-mediazakaria.html)

Popular musicians

– a popular term project topic in this class Etc.

What happened when I noticed a press release was plagiarized on the CBS news site

What is the problem with plagiarism?

Who cares?

Copyright

It’s a legal concept

Plagiarism is not a legal concept (no law against it!)

Purpose of copyright:

1. Encourage people to create IP

2. Maximize the IP’s value to society

Encouraging people to create IP

Suppose you were the king of England

(Because that’s where the first copyright law began)

How might you encourage IP creation?

Maximizing IP’s value to society

How are copyright laws antithetical to this?

Ok: So you’re the king… What do you do??

I mean, besides “ask your advisors what to do”!

What do you think of the Curtis Brown solution linked above?

Welcome to IFSC 2200 Professional Ethics, Spring 2015!

Click the “Syllabus and Assignments” tab for the schedule for this class. Click the “Course Information” tab for info about grading and other info about how the course works.

The blog posts below are from semesters past. New blog entries will be posted as we go along.

Remember to sign up for 5-minute presentations to the class

If you have not yet emailed me about when to schedule your 5 minute presentation to the class, please do it as soon as possible. You can present on any day between now and the end of the semester, as long as a day is not yet filled with other people’s presentations. See the syllabus for a list of class meeting days.

HWs 5proj and 5case are now available!

Click to get them.

HW 4a and 4b are now available – here are highlights

HWs have been due on Fridays, but 4a and b are extended to the following Mondays. That way you have a few more days to work on them. Question: Is this a good idea? I need to know for future HWs.

Question #3 (see HW 4b) now has specific length requirements, which it did not on earlier HWs. Check it out.

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